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A hasty generalization is one example of a logical fallacy, wherein someone reaches a conclusion that is not justified logically by objective or sufficient evidence. In other words, they jump to conclusions about the validity of a proposition with some -- but not enough -- evidence to back it up, and overlook potential counterarguments. "Natural climate change in the past implies current climate change is also natural." This means that the jumping-to-conclusions bias causes people to jump to conclusions when it comes to their internal reasoning process, which in turn causes them to use the jumping-to-conclusions fallacy in their arguments. This fallacy occurs when someone draws expansive conclusions based on inadequate or insufficient evidence. There are two common types of this distortion: Mind Reading - You assume people are thinking negatively about you even though there is no real evidence to support this. Jumping to Conclusions and All or Nothing Thinking are two common cognitive distortions. MYTH FALLACY Over-simplification: considers only natural CO2 emissions and ignores natural CO2 sinks. Example: Straw Man Fallacy. Red herring: how quickly a CO2 molecule moves around the climate system is different VALUE FALLACY (BANDWAGONS): The value fallacy refers to a claim that something is better because of its value. JUMPING TO CONCLUSIONS: When jumping to conclusion, an author draws a quick conclusion without fairly considering relevant (and easily available) evidence. Authority over Evidence. Jumping to conclusions Past climate change actually sends the opposite message than what the myth concludes. How simple things can sometimes turn out HORRIBLY, horribly wrong! A fallacy is when someone reaches a faulty conclusion. What Is a Hasty Generalization? When a person simply ignores a person's actual position and substitutes a distorted, exaggerated or misrepresented version of that position. Look at the cartoon below and decide which fallacy has been committed: Jumping to conclusions: Argumentum ad populum: Non sequitur: False dilemma: Straw man: Argumentum ad hominem: False analogy: Slippery slope: False cause: Appeal to tradition: Appeal to … Fallacy: Video: Past climate change tells us climate is sensitive to the warming effect of CO2. When the heuristic is applied outside its reasonable bounds, it becomes a cognitive bias . This usually happens when there is insufficient information or a failure in reasoning. A logical fallacy is not necessarily a Bayesian fallacy, so given a particular circumstance, jumping to the conclusion will be more likely than not, and get baked into human thinking as a heuristic. A fallacy of jumping to conclusions in which the conclusion is a generalization. Jumping to conclusions: volcanoes do produce CO2, but over recent centuries the amounts are too small to account for the observed changes in the air. Jumping to Conclusions When we draw a conclusion without taking the trouble to acquire all the relevant evidence, we commit the fallacy of jumping to conclusions, provided there was sufficient time to assess that extra evidence, and that the effort to get the evidence isn't prohibitive. While jumping to conclusions is viewed as a cognitive phenomenon, and is unintentional, it can also be a logical fallacy. JUMPING TO CONCLUSIONS. Hasty generalization: The hasty generalization fallacy is also known as “jumping to conclusions.” Another colloquial term for hasty generalization is “judging a book by its cover.” When he or she makes a hasty generalization, the writer quickly comes to a conclusion without sufficient or solid evidence. 5) The Hasty Generalization Fallacy. In reasoning `` natural climate change in the Past implies current climate change tells us climate is sensitive to warming. 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