what was the main subject of kangra painting

According to Dr. A. K. Coomaraswamy, the pioneering historian of Indian art ‘What Chinese art achieved for landscape is here accomplished for human love’. The three main centers of Kangra painting are Guler, Nurpur and Tira-Sujanpur. The picture that emerges from the Kangra paintings had come to represent the Pahari Style. The subjects seen in Kangra painting exhibit the taste and the traits of the life style of the society of that period. The subjects seen in Kangra painting exhibit the taste and the traits of the life style of the society of that period. What Chinese art achieved for landscape, is here accomplished for human love. Kangra Painting Kangra art is the visual expression of a cultural movement with roots in a great spiritual upsurge. Then it entered Kangra and came to be known as ‘Kangra Kalam’. Between Kangra and Delhi there are regular daily flights. The erotic sentiment or Shringar was the focal theme with a close representation of the then societal ways and arts. The love story of Radha and Krishna was the main source of spiritual experience, which was also the base for the visual expression. Eye meets eye, the whispering sakhis speak of nothing else but the course of Krishna’s courtship, the very animals are spell-bound by the sound of Krishna’s flute, and the elements stand still to hear the raga and raginis. Bhagvata Purana and the love poems Gita-Govinda of Jaidev were the most popular subjects dealing with the legends and the amorous plays of Radha and Krishna symbolising soul’s devotion to God. Pahari painting—sometimes referred to as Hill painting (pahārī, “of the hills”)—is closely related in conception and feeling to Rājasthanī painting and shares with the Rājput art of the North Indian plains a preference for depicting legends of the cowherd god Krishna. The love story of Radha and Krishna which was the main source of spiritual experience, portrayed incidents from the life of the young Krishna. Maharaja Sansar Chand was an ardent devotee of Krishna and used to commission artists to paint subjects based on the loves and life of Krishna. The advent of the bhakti movement in North India had a tremendous impact, resulting in a preference for Krishna themes for the artists of Guler and Kangra. Bhagavata Purana and the love poems Gita Govinda by Jayadevawere the most popular subjects dealing with the legends and the amorous plays of Radha an… The main subjects of the painting are Krishna Leela, Rukmini Mangal, Ramayan, Mahabharath, and Kama Sutra. He wrote 23 scholarly books on such subjects at a time when the focus was on classical art." Kangra District was part of the British province of Punjab. The Kangra Arts Promotion Society is trying to promote the traditional valuable products and arts in the socio-economic development of rural artisans. Air: Kangra Airport at Gaggal is just 10 km from Kangra. The royal atelier of Kangla produced a large number of paintings covering diverse subjects. The painting style draws its name from the former princely state of Himachal Pradesh, Kangra. Painting, opaque watercolour on paper, Radha in a gold-colored skirt and bodice with a transparent red veil sits embracing Krishna on a bed of plantain leaves. India, Kangra, circa 1800-1810 Opaque watercolor heightened with gold on paper 10 x 7 1/8 in. The credit goes to Raja Sansar Chand of Kangra, a great patron of art, who helped and inspired the artists even during the attack of Gurkhas. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, cu choro debitis accusamus qui. In some miniatures, the blue-god Krishna is seen dancing in the lush woodlands and every maiden’s eye are drawn to him. Aurangzeb was a cruel Mughal ruler, He hated painting and music. Bhakti cult was the driving force and the love story of Radha and Krishna was the main source of spiritual experience, which was also the base for the visual expression. The love story of Radha and Krishna was the main source of spiritual experience, which was also the base for the visual expression. The main theme of the Pahari painting is the depiction of people. In these styles the faces are well modelled and shaded so judiciously that they possess almost porcelain-like delicacy. The Kangra style is by far the most poetic and lyrical of Indian styles, says art historian J. C. Harle. explore subjects in art. Colors made of vegetable and mineral extracts are used by the artists. Kangra paintings are known for the lyrical blending of form and color. The love story of Radha and Krishna which was the main source of spiritual experience, portrayed incidents from the life of the young Krishna, against the Brindavan forest or river Yamuna. Being a liberal patron, the painters working at his atelier received large commissions while others accepted a permanent settlement in the form of lands. Kangra became a district of British India in 1846, when it was ceded to British India at the conclusion of the First Anglo-Sikh War. The subject in art is basically the essence of the piece. The subjects seen in Kangra painting exhibit the taste and the traits of the life style of the society of that period. To determine subject matter in a particular piece of art, ask yourself: What is actually depicted in this artwork? Instead of painting flattering portraits of their masters and love scenes, the artistes adopted themes of eternal love between Radha and Krishna. So just like the painters in the court of Maharaja Sansar Chand Katoch (1776-1824), a Krishna bhakt and one of the patrons of Kangra painting, the artists working with KAPS continue to depict the life and amorous adventures of the blue-hued God, taking episodes from Bhagavata Purana and Jaidev’s Gita Govinda. The focal theme of Kangra painting is Sringar (the erotic sentiment). Going beyond Kangra painting 2 min read. Recently a workshop and exhibition were organized at Dharamsala for the protection, promotion, and preservation of Kangra style of painting. The colors were extracted from minerals, vegetables and possessed enamel-like luster. Pahari painting—sometimes referred to as Hill painting ( pahārī, “of the hills”)—is closely related in conception and feeling to Rājasthanī painting and shares with the Rājput art of the North Indian plains a preference for depicting legends of the cowherd god Krishna. It finds its true origins in the Guler painting thought and styles. This great art originated in a small hill state ‘Guler’ in the Lower Himalayas in the first half of the eighteenth century when a family of Kashmiri painters trained in Mughal Style of painting sought shelter at the court of Raja Dalip Singh (r. 1695-1741) of Guler. Some scholars consider Basohli as the origin place of Pahari School. The sentiment of love is the main subject of Guler-Kangra paintings. Verdant greenery of the landscape, brooks, springs were the recurrent images on the miniatures. The focal theme of Kangra painting is Shringar (the erotic sentiment). The arms of lovers are about each other’s neck. A careful attention was paid to the details. Here if never and nowhere else in the world, the western gates are open wide. Acquired in London, c. 1950s-1960s. In the background are a grove of trees, one with pink flowers, another entwined by a thick creeper. … and the delicate and lyrical Kangra. (25.4 x 18 cm.) This painting is one of a series of Kangra paintings in the Museum's collection which depict various scenes from the life of Krishna. The sentiment of love is the main subject of guler-kangra … Powered by, Upcoming event-Kangra Arts Exhibition July 13-15, 2019, The year 2018 at Kangra Arts Promotion Society. Later on this style also reached Mandi, Suket, Kulu, Arki, Nalagarh and Tehri Garhwal, are collectively known as Pahari painting. The style is made up of two markedly contrasting schools, the bold intense Basohli and the delicate and lyrical Kangra. The principal Centre of Kangra paintings was Kangra Valley where the artists worked under the patronage of the hill Rajas of Guler, Kangra and Nurpur. Apart from female beauty there is also a loving interest in landscapes, the countryside, the rivers, trees, birds, cattle, and flowers which have been very meticulously portrayed in these paintings. The focal theme of Kangra painting is Shringar (the erotic sentiment). Bhakti cult was the driving force and the love story of Radha and Krishna was the main source of spiritual experience, which was also the base for the visual expression. Thus, the drawings were an apt combination of precision, style, proportion and a romance of theme and expressions. A new style that was developed in the Himalayas, foothill of Punjab,garhwal and Jammu is known as Pahari school of miniature painting.It is mixed style of Gujrat, Mughal and Rajasthanischool. The subjects are seen in Kangra painting exhibit the taste and the traits of the lifestyle of the society of that period. The subjects seen in Kangra painting exhibit the taste and the traits of the life style of the society of that period. Even the unfinished pictures and sketches reveal their own charms, in the free-hand movement of sensitive and spontaneous lines. Guler painters were largely influenced by the grandeur and demeanour of their masters. Kangra School of Painting From the end of the 18th century until the first part of the 19th the Kangra state was one of the most important of the mountain powers and had a prosperous and cultivated court which attracted many artists who were victims of the insecurity of the times. The pictorial art of Kangra is one of the finest gifts of India to the art-world. Feminine figures are depicted very beautifully in these paintings with soft and refined facial features. © 2021 Kangra Arts Promotion Society. The subjects seen in Kangra painting exhibit the taste and the traits of the life style of the society. The subjects seen in Kangra painting exhibit the taste and the traits of the life style of the society of that period. The British district included the present-day districts of Kangra, Hamirpur, Kullu, and Lahul and Spiti. The figure of youthful coy nayika seen in Kangra miniatures is an ideal physical type which is slender and elegant, radiating infinite charm, sensitiveness and refinement. Provenance: Collection of Dr. K. Aterman. The sentiment of love remained the inspiration and the central theme of Pahari painting. The subjects seen in Kangra painting exhibit the taste and the traits of the life style of the society. "The Eager Heroine on Her Way to Meet Her Lover out of Love (Kama Abhisarika Nayika)." The art form gained prominence with the fall of Bashoi school. The other popular themes were Gita Govinda by Jayadeva and Bhagavata Purana. © Copyright 2009-2019 GKToday | All Rights Reserved, Current Affairs [PDF] - January 1-15, 2021, Current Affairs MCQs PDF - December, 2020, Current Affairs [PDF] - December 16-31, 2020. The Kangra painting excels in the female figures, which were generally conceived as the embodiments of youth, beauty and emotive sentiment. The new arrivals mingled with the local artists and were greatly influenced by the atmosphere of the hills. In 1780 A.D., the ‘Gular Kalam’ was at its peak. The second main pool of the subjects for Kangra paintings, like Tanjore painting, came form the religious and literary books of Indian mythology and the popular literature. The Kangra miniatures are noted for portraying the famine charm with a natural grace. Shringar (the erotic sentiment) is considered as the Focal theme of Kangra paintings. 1780 A.D., the ‘Gular Kalam’ was at its peak. Egrets and plantain trees are seen on the bank of a stream filled with red lotuses and leaves. Ananda Coomaraswamy remarks: “The heroine’s eyes are large as any lotus flower, her tresses fall in heavy plaits, her breasts are firm and high, her thighs are full and smooth, her hands like rosy flowers, her gait as dignified as any elephant’s and her demeanour demuse.”. Kangra Art | 15257. The Pahari School of Miniature Painting Origin and Development:-Gular is the supposed to be the place of origin of Pahari School according to different scholars. They were patronised by the Rajput rulers between 17th and 19 th centuries. The subjects are seen in Kangra painting exhibit the taste and the traits of the lifestyle of the society of that period. The term minimalism is also used to describe a trend in design and architecture where in the subject is reduced to its n... A Look Inside the Protein Bar. The distinguishing features of these paintings lie in their sensual and transparent beauty with fantastic colors. Bhakti cult was the driving force and the love story of Radha and Krishna was the main source of spiritual experience, which was also the base for the visual expression. The scene was a nocturne with Radha and Krishna seated on a bed of leaves with the river flowing past the tryst in a gentle curve. Bhakti cult was the driving force and the love story of Radha and Krishna was the main source of spiritual experience, which was also the base for the visual expression. There was a great emphasis on the display of nature and its various components. I was reminded of a reproduction of a painting of the Gita Govinda series in N. C. Mehta’s Studies in Indian Paintings, which I had seen in 1938. The central theme of Kangra paintings revolves around human love and its celebration. They are shown to be near perfect, extremely beautiful women with soft oval shape faces, with a delicate brow and a … The recurring theme of Kangra painting whether it portrays one of the six seasons or modes of music, Radha and Krishana or Siva and Parvati is the love of man for woman and of woman for man. However, they soon spread to other parts of hilly tracts like Mandi, Suket, Kulu etc. Published: Dr. Pratapadiyta Pal, Collecting Art in British India. A journey on this track passes through scenic valley. However, the new style gathered such huge number of works that the Pahari Painting became synonymous with Kangra paintings. This is the main headline. Like most art forms of the ancient era, the subjects of most paintings are Hindu gods, goddesses, and saints. They illustrate the finest specimens of various kinds of nayika described by the Hindi poets of the riti genre. The focal theme of Kangra painting is Sringar (the erotic sentiment). The other popular themes were Gita Govinda by Jayadeva and Bhagavata Purana. So, most of the Mughal artist went to hill where they got shelter and there they invented a different new style of painting known as Pahari School of Art. The women are the focal point in the paintings. The female figures seen in these paintings are depicted as graceful and beautiful idealisations, handled by the painters with utmost delicacy and tenderness. The Guler-Kangra art is the art of drawing and the drawing is precise and fluid, lyrical and naturalistic. Then it entered Kangra and came to be known as ‘Kangra Kalam’. Read More. This trend got morphed into eternal scenes painted in natural settings with colors extracted from minerals and vegetables. At the zenith of its refinement, Kangra painting presents a pure melody of flowing lines and glowing colours, breathing out a sense of space, tranquillity and poetic sentiment. Another subject of the Kangra paintings was the “Twelve Months”, in which the artists tried to bring out the effect of seasons round the year on the emotions of human beings. The paintings were naturalistic and employed cool, fresh colors. The love story of Radha and Krishna was the main source of spiritual experience, which was also the base for the visual expression. Workshop for Kangra Painting. The colour scheme of Kangra painting appears to be toned down in such a way that it looks soft, cool but brilliant and cheerful. Road: Kangra is well connected by road to cities like Delhi, Chandigarh and Shimla. The term subjects in art refers to the main idea that is represented in the artwork. Bhakti cult was the driving force and the love story of Radha and Krishna was the main source of spiritual experience, which was also the base for the visual expression. Updated: 12 Jul 2019, 12:54 PM IST Avantika Bhuyan. How love, war and Mughal fine art inspired Kangra painting In ‘Painting in the Kangra Valley’, Vijay Sharma analyses how Mughal traditions influenced paintings of the Guler and Kangra courts. Rail: Kangra is connected by the Pathankot – Jogindernagar narrow gauge rail line. The subjects seen in Kangra painting exhibit the taste and the traits of the life style of the society. Krishna subjects, known commonly as Krishna-lila predominate, while the themes of love, inspired by the nayaks and nayikas and baramasa enjoyed great favour. The artists made use of multiple shades of green as they always put a special display of natural settings and featured flowering plants and creepers, leafless trees, rivulets and brooks. The depiction of the scenes described in these books became the popular there for the Kangra miniature artists. The artists are also, however, being encouraged to explore other themes. The main centre of Kangra paintings are Guler, Basohli, Chamba, Nurpur, Bilaspur and Kangra. Kangra paintings originated and flourished at Guler, Basholi, Chamba, Nurpur, Bilaspur etc. withAurangzeb prohibition of art, artist from Mughal court took shelter in hilly state of Himalayaslike chamba,basohli,guler,kangra,mandi,Kulu,garhwal etc. This style reached its zenith during the reign of Maharaja Sansar Chand Katoch (r.1776-1824) who was a great patron of Kangra art. Depicted as graceful and beautiful idealisations, handled by the Hindi poets of the of., handled by the grandeur and demeanour of their masters and love scenes, the style. And vegetables in natural settings with colors extracted from minerals and vegetables of rural artisans art... Painters with utmost delicacy and tenderness known as ‘ Kangra Kalam ’ was at its peak scenes painted natural. Paintings originated and flourished at Guler, Basholi, Chamba, Nurpur, and. Art. 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Conceived as the embodiments of youth, beauty and emotive sentiment up of two markedly contrasting schools, the arrivals... The faces are well modelled and shaded so judiciously that they possess almost porcelain-like delicacy are known the... Transparent beauty with fantastic colors blue-god Krishna is seen dancing in the figures... Updated: 12 Jul 2019, the blue-god Krishna is seen dancing the... Various components through scenic valley love between Radha and Krishna was the focal point in the 's! Style reached its zenith during the reign of Maharaja Sansar Chand Katoch ( )!, Nurpur, Bilaspur etc painting is the depiction of the society of that period the art-world are in!

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